Mary Rowlandson was taken prisoner by the Nashaway during King Philip’s War. Her story pioneered the uniquely American literary genre of the Indian captivity narrative. More
One of the greatest strengths of the Rosenbach’s library is Americana. The central topics of these collections are the European exploration and settlement of the New World and the political and military history of the United States from the ﬁrst settlements through the Civil War. These histories are told in books and documents such as explorers’ and travelers’ descriptions of the land and its peoples; maps; broadsides; newspapers; scriptures, liturgical, and devotional works for the use of Christian missionaries and converts—many in Native American languages; Indian treaties and captivity narratives; and collections of legal and church documents from the Oregon Territory and colonial Mexico and Peru.
There are also many letters and other writings of ﬁgures such as the Spanish explorers Cortéz and Pizarro; Washington (more than 100 letters, including his earliest extant letter), Franklin (more than 100 items including letters, Poor Richard almanacs, and many other products of his printing press), John Adams, Jefferson, Lincoln (more than 60 letters), and Grant (80 of his wartime letters and the draft telegram announcing Lee’s surrender).
Early printing in the New World is illustrated by examples such as one of only eleven known copies of the Bay Psalm Book (1640), the ﬁrst book printed in what is now the United States; and the ﬁrst complete Bible printed in the Western Hemisphere (1661-1663), the Eliot Indian Bible in the Natick language of Massachusetts.
A.S.W. Rosenbach formed one of the world’s greatest collections of early American children’s literature. His scholarly bibliography on the subject became the standard reference in its ﬁeld. While he gave most of this collection to the Free Library of Philadelphia in 1947, the Rosenbach’s Americana collection still contains a number of examples of both instructional and entertaining works for children.